Ethnic-Nationalism and Multi-party Politics in Kenya
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The process of democratic change in Kenya was marked by a transition from a single party to a multi-party system. This was made possible through the repeal of Section 2A of the constitution in 1991, (Oyugi 1999).This change marked the return of competitive politics which was initially suppressed by the Kenya African National Union (KANU) regime which made it illegal to form any other political party, except for KANU. Re-introduction of multi-partism in Kenya hoped to achieve among other things; political competiveness, enhance democracy, improve governance and creation of an organizational frame work within which other parties could contest for power against Kenya African Union (KANU) (Oyugi 1999)

With the introduction of multi-party politics it is clear that there exists many challenges, in other words, the attempt to institutionalize multi-party politics in Kenya has indeed faced many challenges. It is these reversals that make it difficult to identify the gains usually associated with multi-party politics such as competitive politics, enhanced political freedoms, and better accountability in the management of public affairs and improved human rights. It's in line with this that the study looks at the challenges associated with the re-introduction of multi-party politics in Kenya. The point being that if not addressed then the expected gains from multi-party politics will be lost and in its place poor governance, civil strife, restricted political freedoms and poor management of public affairs.



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